On behalf of the AIMU family I would like to welcome you to the American International Medical University and to the beautiful island of Saint Lucia.The institution provides high quality education in Medicine and Nursing at a competitive price and the St Lucia campus is well equipped and technologically advanced.
Dr. Ravi Shankar
Professor of Pharmacology
American International Medical University,
AIM-U Ave, Beausejour Road, North Entrance, Gros Islet, Saint Lucia.
Phone: 1-758- 450-0130 (Ext 2237), Fax: 1-758-450-0138
Function as a working member of different faculty committees, such as academic promotions, and examinations committees
Chair the curriculum committee
Promote integration of curriculum-Promote practical laboratory sessions in the curriculum
Cyclical internal evaluation of the curriculum (basic sciences and clinical)
Work with the quality assurance team to develop appropriate tools and methods of evaluation
Work with the Assistant Dean of premed in improving the premedical sciences
Teaching learning methods
Assessment and promotion
Together with the Dean School of Medicine, arrange regular communications with the Dean, Assistant Dean of Clinical Sciences, clinical coordinator(s) and department chairs of the core rotations.
-Monitor the progress of clinical students and provide methods of support
-Provide feedback to basic science faculty from the clinical directors
-Participates in the student mentoring program
Health humanities and cultural diversity
Quality assurance team:
Institutional and Academic level
Construction of appropriate data collection methods
Form the task force – using staff at institutional wide level
Analysis of data and construction of recommendations for Task force
Implement improvement cycle and appropriate communication channels
Implement appropriate periods of the self-review and improvement cycles
Form independent student analysis group for self-study purposes
Implement various methods of student feedback about the institution, teaching and learning experience
Function as a working member of the research committee
Support and develop strategies to enhance institutional research
Promote medical education research among faculty (medical & nursing) and students
Review and develop policies concerning AIMU research activities and resources
Contribute to the Institutional Review Board (IRB)
-Ensure use of appropriate research method
-Address any ethical concerns associated with proposed research activities
Together with the Dean School of Medicine, advocate scholarly activities at all levels of institution including SON
Promote faculty development in accordance with the overall plan introduced by the Dean School of Medicine
-Review Faculty performance by direct observation, analysis of course syllabus, contents, teaching and assessment methods
-Conduct faculty developmental activities to improve the teaching and assessment of faculty and the learning experience of students
-Conduct needs assessment to identify the areas for faculty developmental activities
Teaching undergraduate medical students
Teaching undergraduate dental students
Conducting problem-based learning sessions for medical and pharmacy students
Planning, designing and evaluating undergraduate medical curriculum
Conducting Medical Humanities sessions for faculty members and students
Preparing calendar of operations and time table for MBBS course
Conducting drug utilization research
Initiating and strengthening pharmacy care activities in a teaching hospital
Answering queries from health care professionals
Working out ADR reports and reporting the same to DDA using Vigiflow
Conducting research on improving teaching-learning activities for medical students
Advising the department of drug administration on licensing new drugs for the Nepalese market
Administering the department of Clinical Pharmacology
Guiding postgraduate students in conducting research
Guiding faculty members in research
Being a skilled assistant during both undergraduate and postgraduate examinations in pharmacology
Reviewing manuscripts related to Medical Education and Pharmacology
Areas of research interest:
Small group learning
Rational use of Medicine
Use of medicines in the community
Conducting quiz and literary competitions
Full list of publications and other achievements is available at:
Cited by from Google Scholar (as of 16th December 2017)
Total number of publication 630
Most cited publications
PR Shankar, P Partha… – BMC family …, 2002 – bmcfampract.biomedcentral.com
Background Self-medication and non-doctor prescribing of drugs is common in developing
countries. Complementary and alternative medications, especially herbs, are also commonly
used. There are few studies on the use of these medications in Pokhara Valley, Western
Background In recent years there has been a growing appreciation of the issues of quality of
life and stresses involved medical training as this may affect their learning and academic
performance. However, such studies are lacking in medical schools of Nepal. Therefore, we
Objective To assess rates of initiation of breast-feeding and exclusive breast-feeding within
2 months after delivery and to determine the factors influencing exclusive breast-feeding.
Design A health worker-administered questionnaire survey was carried out during the time
ABSTRACT Introduction: Infants and children constitute a large proportion of the population
in developing countries. In Nepal, studies on drug use patterns in the paediatric age group
are lacking in hospitals in the western region. The present study was carried out to obtain
ABSTRACT Objectives: To study the demographic details of diabetes patients and their
knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) regarding diabetes in Nepal. Methods: The KAP of
the diabetes patients visiting the Manipal Teaching hospital (MTH) during the period from 22
PR Shankar, P Partha, AK Dubey, P Mishra… – 2005 – imsear.li.mahidol.ac.th
OBJECTIVES: The intensive care unit (ICU) is a setting where a large number of drugs are
administered to patients and the costs of hospitalization and drug treatment are high.
Information on drug utilization in intensive care units (ICUs) are lacking in western Nepal.
Cited by 62
ABSTRACT Background. Patient involvement forms the cornerstone of the management of
chronic diseases such as diabetes mellitus. Objective. We evaluated the results of
counseling selected hospitalized diabetic patients about their medications, disease, and
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the prescriptions of out-patients for rational prescribing and
dispensing and to evaluate the patient’s knowledge regarding use of drugs, using INRUD
indicators. METHODS: A cross-sectional, descriptive study was conducted at the Manipal
AK Dubey, PR Shankar, D Upadhyaya, VY Deshpande – 2004 – imsear.li.mahidol.ac.th
Ginkgo biloba has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for about 5000 years. A
standardized preparation, EGb 761 has been recently prepared. The pharmacologically
active constituents, flavonol glycosides and the terpene lactones are standardized. The
I am a disease monger. I teach primary care doctors how to identify bipolar disorder. Worse
yet, I take money from pharmaceutical companies for doing so. I use it to subsidize my
practice so that I can treat patients with no insurance, or little money, who now account for
…, BR Giri, OK Pathak, OB Panta, PR Shankar – McGill Journal of …, 2006 – Citeseer
ABSTRACT: Background: Recent studies on prescribing among outpatients in hospitals in
Western Nepal are lacking. The main objectives of the study were to obtain information on
the morbidity pattern among outpatients and to analyze prescribing using drug use
ABSTRACT Background: In Nepal, self-treatment is common and complementary medicine
practitioners play an important role in providing health services. Previous studies on drug
use patterns have been mainly carried out in the Kathmandu valley. Studies in the Pokhara
ABSTRACT The management of chronic illness needs lifestyle modifications and drug
therapy for a long period. Patient understanding regarding the illness plays a very important
role in management of chronic illness. Effective patient counseling makes the patient
ABSTRACT Introduction: The proportion of the elderly population in Nepal, though low, is
steadily increasing. Studies on drug utilisation among geriatric patients in Western Nepal, a
region with the highest proportion of the elderly in all of Nepal, are lacking. The present
PR Shankar, N Jha, O Bajracharya… – Australasian Medical …, 2010 – researchgate.net
Abstract Background KIST Medical College, Lalitpur, Nepal conducts problem-based
pharmacology learning during small-group practical sessions. The present study was
carried out to obtain student feedback regarding the sessions and suggestions for
PR Shankar, P Mishra, N Shenoy, P Partha – Pharmacy Education, 2003 – researchgate.net
As self-directed learning becomes more important in the field of pharmacology, so, too, are
“transferable skills.” In this study, the attitudes of second year medical undergraduates
towards transferable skills in pharmacology were assessed. Differences due to gender,
PR Shankar, R Pai, AK Dubey, DK Upadhyay – 2007 – imsear.li.mahidol.ac.th
OBJECTIVES: Information on the utilization patterns of drugs in the orthopaedics outpatient
department (OPD) are lacking in hospitals in western Nepal. The present study was carried
out to obtain demographic information about the respondents selected for analysis,
BR Giri, PR Shankar – PLoS Med, 2005 – journals.plos.org
Armed with the power to prescribe, doctors are in a position to flood their patients’ bodies
with potent medicines at a stroke of their pen—and they have been consistently wooed by
the pharmaceutical industry. Doctors in Nepal have started to become targets for the
PR Shankar – Rural and Remote Health, 2010 – rrh.org.au
ABSTRACT Introduction: In Nepal, a number of private sector medical schools have opened
recently; although sufficient numbers of doctors are graduating there continues to be a
doctor shortage in rural areas. This article analysed the rural doctor shortage in Nepal and
Shankar PR, Rose C, Balasubramanium R, Nandy A, Friedmann A. Using movies to strengthen learning of the humanistic aspects of medicine Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research 2016;10(1):JC05-JC07. DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2016/16264.7066
Alshakka M, Bassalim H, Alsakkaf K, Mokhtar M, Alshagga M, Al-Dubai S, Jha N, Abdorabooa A, Shankar PR. Knowledge and perception towards pharmacovigilance among Healthcare professionals in Tertiary care Teaching Hospital in Aden, Yemen. Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Community Medicine 2016, 2(1):21-28 • http://dx.doi.org/10.5530.jppcm.2016.1.5
Shankar PR. Mainstreaming the medical humanities in a Caribbean medical school. Research and Humanities in Medical Education 2016;3:1-5.
Gyawali S, Rathore DS, Shankar PR, KC VK, Jha N, Sharma D. Knowledge and Practice on Injection Safety among Primary Health Care Workers in Kaski District, Western Nepal. Malays J Med Sci. Jan-Feb 2016; 23(1): 44-55.
Shankar PR, Rose C. Introducing lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) and gender identity issues in a medical humanities module. International Journal of User-driven Healthcare 2015.
Shankar PR, Rose C, Toor A. Student feedback about the medical humanities module in a Caribbean medical school.Education in Medicine Journal 2016;8(1):41-53.
Alshakka M, Abood E, AlDobhany A, Aldobei S, Said K, Jha N, Shankar PR. Problems facing the Arab pharmaceutical industry: A case study of Yemen. Research in Pharmacy and Health Sciences 2016;2(4):234-241.
Shankar PR. The influence of the internet on medical student learning – a personal perspective. Hektoen International. http://www.hektoeninternational.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=1999
Shankar PR. Book review: The midnight meal. Research and Humanities in Medical Education 2016;3:15-17.
Shankar PR, Dwivedi NR, Balasubramanium R, Nandy A, Dakubo G, Barton B. Student attitude towards integrative medicine in a Caribbean medical school. Manipal Journal of Medical Sciences 2016;1(1):16-20.
Shankar PR, Dwivedi NR. Standardized patient’s views about their role in the teaching-learning process of undergraduate basic science medical students. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research 2016 Jun, Vol-10(6): JC01-JC05
Shankar PR. Medical humanities in medical schools in India (Editorial). Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2016;4(2):166-8.
Thapa S, Palaian S, Shankar PR, Aljadhey H. Promoting rational self-medication of NSAIDs in Nepal. Archives of Pharmacy Practice 2016;7:61-6.
Shankar PR, Alshakka MAM. Book review: Deadly medicines and organized crime. Res Pharm Healt Sci. 2016;2(2):138-139.
Shankar PR, Subish P. Book review: Responsible use of medicines – A layman’s handbook. Archives of Pharmacy Practice 2016;7:109-10. DOI: 10.4103/2045-080X.186180
Shankar PR. Book review: Tackling drug-resistant infections globally. Archives of Pharmacy Practice 2016;7:110-1. DOI: 10.4103/2045-080X.186181
Shankar PR, Dwivedi NR, Nandy A, Dubey AK Standardized patient program: Student feedback. Asian Journal of Medical Sciences 2016; 7 (5): 102-7. DOI: 10.3126/ajms.v7i5.15043
Shankar PR. My PSGFAIMER story in PSGFAIMER Decennial Handbook. Page 67. 2016.
Mishra SK, Jha N, Shankar PR, Dahal PK, Khatiwada B, Sapkota YD. An assessment of diabetic retinopathy and diabetes management system in Nepal. Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
Shankar PR. Here and there!: An experience. (Editorial). Janaki Medical College Journal of Medical Sciences 2015; 3 (1):1-4.
Shankar PR. Involving a local educator in the Medical Humanities module
Research and Humanities in Medical Education 2016;3:37-38.
Shankar PR. VigiAccess: Promoting public access to VigiBase. Indian journal of Pharmacology 2016;48:606-7.
Shankar PR, Alshakka MAM. Book review: Safety in medication use. Archives of Pharmacy Practice 2017;8:39.
Shankar PR, Dubey AK, Dwivedi NR, Nandy A, Barton B. Knowledge, attitude and practice of self-medication among premedical and basic science undergraduate medical students. Asian Journal of Medical Sciences 2016; 7(6):63-68. http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/ajms.v7i6.15246
Shankar PR, Herz BL, Dubey AK, Hassali MA. Assessment of Knowledge and Perceptions towards Generic Medicines among Basic Science Undergraduate Medical Students at Aruba. Indian Journal of Pharmacology 2016 Oct;48(Suppl 1):S29-S32. doi: 10.4103/0253-7613.193309.
Shankar PR, Nandy A. Self-directed learning during problem-based learning sessions. AMEE MedEdPublish 2016; 5 (3):3. http://dx.doi.org/10.15694/mep.2016.000089
Saleem F, Hassali MA, Iqbal Q, Baloch M, Shankar PR. Uncontrollable medicine prices in Pakistan. The Lancet published online 7th November 2016. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(16)32120-1
Palaian S, Shankar PR, Sanjaya KC. Development and evaluation of a voluntary education module on medicine safety for basic science medical students in Nepal. Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Community Medicine (accepted).
Shankar PR, Palaian S. Teaching Social Issues in Use of Medicines to Pharmacy Students. Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Community Medicine (accepted).
Shankar PR and Nandy A. Self-directed learning during problem-based learning sessions [v1; not peer reviewed]. F1000Research 2016, 5:2759 (poster) (doi: 10.7490/f1000research.1113461.1)
Shankar PR, Rose C and Toor A. Student feedback about the medical humanities module [v1; not peer reviewed]. F1000Research 2016, 5:2760 (poster) (doi: 10.7490/f1000research.1113462.1)
Alam K, Poudel A, Subish P, Koirala B, Shankar PR. Role of zinc in childhood diarrhea management: a case of Nepal. Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Community Medicine (accepted).
Shankar PR. Designing, conducting & publishing research & academic articles – insights from the field [v1; not peer reviewed]. F1000Research 2016, 5:2766 (slide presentation) (doi: 10.7490/f1000research.1113465.1)
Shankar PR. Empowering patients to promote and protect their health (Editorial). Janaki Medical College Journal of Medical Sciences (2015) Vol. 3 (2): 1-3
Shankar PR, Dwivedi NR, Nandy A and Dubey AK. Standardized patient program: student feedback [v1; not peer reviewed]. F1000Research 2016, 5:2771 (poster) (doi: 10.7490/f1000research.1113464.1)
Shankar PR, Subish P, Thapa HS, Ansari M, Regmi B. Hospital pharmacy services in teaching hospitals in Nepal: challenges and the way forward. Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 20164:212-7.
Jha N, Rathore DS, Shankar PR, Bhandary S, Pandit RB, Gyawali S, Alshakka M. . Effect of an educational intervention on knowledge and attitude regarding pharmacovigilance and consumer pharmacovigilance among community pharmacists in Lalitpur district, Nepal. BMC Res Notes. 2017 Jan 3;10(1):4. doi: 10.1186/s13104-016-2343-5.
Shankar PR. The best teacher is the one who does not ‘teach’! (Editorial) Janaki Medical College Journal of Medical Sciences 2016;4(1):1-4.
Shankar PR, Arya S. Always there. Janaki Medical College Journal of Medical Sciences 2016;4(1):65-67.
Shankar PR, Palaian S. Teaching Social Issues in Use of Medicines to Pharmacy Students. Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Community Medicine. 2017;3(1):17-21. DOI: 10.5530/jppcm.2017.1.4
Palaian S, Shankar PR, Chhetri SK. Development and evaluation of a voluntary education module on medicine safety for basic science medical students in Nepal. Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Community Medicine. 2017;3(1):37-8. doi:10.5530/jppcm.2017.1.9
Alam K, Poudel A, Palaian S, Koirala B, Shankar PR. Role of Zinc in childhood diarrhea management: a case of Nepal. Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Community Medicine. 2017;3(1):34-6 doi:10.5530/jppcm.2017.1.8
Alshakka M, Hassali MA, Ali H, Abdulla A, Shankar PR, Basaleem H, Izham MIM. Medication safety beyond the hospital and role of pharmacists in ambulatory medication safety process. Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Community Medicine. (accepted).
Regmi B, Palaian S, Shankar PR, Ansari M. Medicines shortage in Nepal: Problems and possible solutions. World Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 2017; 5(2): 81-83
Shankar PR. Book review: Pharmaceutical sector in Yemen. Janaki Medical College Journal of Medical Sciences (accepted).
Shankar PR. Health humanities (editorial). Janaki Medical College Journal of Medical Sciences (accepted).
Shankar PR, Rose C, Sebastian A. Medical Students’ Opinions Regarding Possible Influence of Culture and Social Issues on Health Seeking Behavior. Education in Medicine Journal (Accepted).
Shankar PR, Piryani RM, Piryani S. The state of the world’s antibiotics 2015. Journal of Chitwan Medical College 2016;6 (18):68-9.
Recent manuscripts reviewed:
Integration of Anatomical Knowledge with Relevant Clinical Cases- An innovative approach. Education for Health.
Debra Nestel, Katherine Gray, Andre Ng,Matthew McGrail,George Kotsanas and Elmer Villanueva. Mobile learning in a rural medical school: Feasibility and educational benefits in campus and clinical settings. Journal of Biomedical Education.
Darayus Percy Gazder, Farah Ahmed and Syed Hasan Danish. Coursework Stress and Coping Strategies in Medical University Students-with the Identification of Stressors. Education Research International.
Tacrolimus associated thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) and stroke in the young. Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology.
Hirao K. Changes in flow experience among occupational therapy students: a 1year longitudinal study. Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions.
Assessing the reliability and validity of the Revised Two Factor Study Process Questionnaire (RSPQ2F) in Ghanaian medical students. Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions.
Sushmita Sharma, Bhuvan KC, Alian A Alrasheedy, Atisammodavardhana Kaundinnyayana, Aarjan Khanal. Impact of community pharmacy-based educational intervention on patients with hypertension in western Nepal. Australasian Medical Journal.
Raj Kumar Thapa, Parbati Thapa, Kalpana Parajuli-Baral and Gulam Muhammad Khan. Disease prevalence and drug prescribing pattern observed in a free health camp organized at Tanahun district of Nepal. BMC Research Notes.
International medical service trips for colposcopy training in family medicine residency. Journal of Graduate Medical Education.
Students’ perception of educational environment in an Indian medical school using DREEM inventory. Annals of Community Health.
Prefrontal hemodynamic responses and degree of flow experience among occupational therapy students during the performance of a cognitive task. Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions.
“An Innovative Approach to Teaching Research and Evidence in the Health Sciences: Flexible Online Modules”. Education for Health.
The Changing Face of Medical Education: The Impact and effectiveness of evidence generating community health project in medical students. Asian Journal of Medical Sciences.
Needs assessment for faculty development activities in medical schools in Israel. Journal of Family Medicine.
Pai KM, Rao KR, Punja D, Kamath A. Lecture plus SDL better than SDL or lecture only? Australasian Medical Journal.
Güner, Müberra; Tuncbilek, Semra; Akan, Burak; Caliskan-Kartal, Aysun. Two cases with HSS/DRESS syndrome developed after prosthetic joint surgery: does vancomycin-laden bone cement have a role in this syndrome? BMJ Case Reports
Feedback of medical interns regarding peripheral postings in Community Medicine: Qualitative findings from a teaching medical institution in Pondicherry, South India. Indian Journal of Community and Family Medicine.
Sapkota BP, Amatya A. What predicts the choice of urban or rural location for future practice among graduating medical students in Nepal? A cross sectional descriptive study. Human Resources for Health.
Review Article 964027 titled “Evolving Scenario of Pharmaceutical care in Pakistan and other countries: Its Impact on Global Health,” by Saira Azhar, Rozina Kousar, Shujaat Ali Khan and Ghulam Murtaza. Biomed Research International.
Rational medicine use: Managing change in a Moroccan hospital. International Review of Administrative Sciences
Item analysis of True false type of multiple choice questions: How much easy and how much difficult? Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions.
External and internal factors influencing self directed online learning. Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions.
Profiling medical school learning environments in Malaysia: A validation study. Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions.
Boras VV, Brailo V, Rogulj AA, Juras DV, Gabric D, Vroldjak DV.
Oral adverse reactions caused by over the counter oral agents. Case reports in Dentistry.
Life in unexpected places: Employing Visual Thinking Strategies in global health training. Education for Health.
Hasan SS, Clavarino AM, Mamun AA, Kairuz T. A comparative drug utilisation study of the treatment of diabetes in Malaysia and Australia. Australasian Medical Journal.
Students’ perceptions of their educational environment in an University of health sciences study using Dundee Measure (DREEM). Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions.
Applicability of Citronella Oil (Cymbopogon winteratus) for the Prevention of Mosquito-Borne Diseases in the Rural Area of Tikapur, Far-western Nepal. Rural and Remote Health.
Evaluation of Patient Satisfaction with TB Services in Southern Nigeria. Health Services Insights.
Waqas Ahmad, Edward Krupat, Yumna Asmaa, Noor-E- Fatima, Rayan Attique, Umar Mahmood, Ahmed Waqas. Attitudes of Medical Students in Lahore, Pakistan towards the Doctor-Patient Relationship. PeerJ
Saleh N, Awada S, Awwad R, Jibai S, Arfoul C, Zaiter L, Dib W, Salameh P. Evaluation of antibiotic prescription in the Lebanese community: A pilot study. Infection Ecology & Epidemiology.
Enhancing critical thinking through Simulation Problem Based Learning. Nurse Education Today
Hayata A, Hirano T, Matsunaga K. Targeting disparities in outcomes for asthma. Health Services Insights.
Bamuhair SS, Al Farhan AI, Althubaiti A, Agha S, Rahman S, Ibrahim NO. Sources of stress and coping strategies among undergraduate medical students in a Problem Based Curriculum. Journal of Biomedical Education.
Yüksel Kivrak, Ibrahim Yagci, Mehmet Fatih Ustundag and Halil Ozcan, Diffuse hair lose induced by sertraline. Case reports in Psychiatry.
To compare Quality of life among epileptic and hypertensive patients. Sunsari Technical College Journal.
Leta Melaku, Andualem Mossie,Alemayehu Negash. Stress among Medical Students and its Association with Substance Use and Academic Performance. Journal of Biomedical Education.
Measuring Performance of Hospitals in Nepal: Using Management Approach. Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research.
Effectiveness of Cross-Cultural Education for Medical Residents Caring for Burmese Refugees. Education for Health.
Using the transtheoretical model to enhance self-management activities in type 2 diabetic patients: A systematic review. Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Services Research.
Castleman disease presenting at an unusual site with systemic symptoms– a brief report with review of literature.Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research.
University-based smoking cessation program through pharmacist-physician initiative: an economic evaluation
Using Scientific Inquiry to Increase Knowledge of Vaccine Theory and Infectious Diseases. Education for Health.
Medical Student`s Competence in Communicating Drug Therapy: Value of Role-Play Demonstrations. Indian Journal of Pharmacology.
Impact of an educational intervention on prescribing errors of second year medical students in a teaching medical college in Nepal. Education for Health
Colbert-Getz JM, Baumann S. Changing Medical Students’ Perception of the Evaluation Culture: Is it Possible? Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions.
Efficacy of Memantine on improving Cognitive Functions in Epilepsy. Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology.
Theme-based integrated, multi-disciplinary, objective structured practical
examination: students’ perception, a novel approach. Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health professions.
Masoodi M, Chehrehgosha H. If recapping of the needle is mandatory. Journal of Infection and Public Health.
Rational Drug Therapy Education In Clinical Tasks. Indian Journal of Pharmacology
Prevalence of Vincristine Induced-Peripheral Neuropathy among Sudanese Cancer Patients. Journal of Young Pharmacists.
Effectiveness of Student-Led Objective Tutorials versus Conventional Tutorials towards improving Academic Performance in Pharmacology. Education for Health.
Reflective Diaries – An Impactful Learning Strategy in the Undergraduate Palliative Care Learning. Education in Medicine Journal.
Knowledge and practice of smoke free laws among teachers employing in secondary schools of Mangalore, India. Tobacco Induced Diseases.
Shah K, Patil R, Kandre Y, Shah K, Patel D, Vaghela J, Christian A.. Needle Stick Injuries among Health Care Workers in Tertiary Care Hospital of Western India. Journal of Infection and Public Health.
Hasssan Alassiry, Nawaf Alamri, Ahmed Alturki, Abdulla Saeed, Ali Mustafa and Nasser Al-Hamda. Recall of Theoretical Pharmacology Knowledge by 6th Year and Interns of Three Medical Schools in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Education Research International.
Protudjer . J, Möller . R, Nikkola . M, Dickman . P, Plymoth. A The miniproject: an initial step in scientific research skill development for first-semester medical students. AMEE MEDEDPUBLISH
Damant R, Rourke L, Wilson B, Lewis M, Schutz D, Harley D, Stobart K. Medical school attendance is significantly lower in preclinical students who are experiencing psychological distress. AMEE MEDEDPUBLISH
Ramsden WH. Inside a Radiology academy- Trainee’s perceptions of new and traditional learning methods. AMEE MedEdPublish. http://www.mededpublish.org/manuscripts/373/v1
Gamma-Glutamyl Transpeptidase (GGT) As a Diagnostic Marker In Obstructive Jaundice. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research.
Babayev R, Tortez L, Kozikowski A, Wolf-Klein G, Loehner J, Dlugacz Y, Pekmezaris R. Attending physicians’ attitudes towards physical exam and bedside teaching. AMEE MEDEDPUBLISH
Tosetti C, Zocchi D, Balduzzi A, Ermini G, Marzo C, Rubini S, Speziali P, Bagnoli L, Salera M. Educational needs for palliative care of Italian undergraduate students. AMEE MEDEDPUBLISH
Sundvik M, Masalin T, Hervonen H. Tutors’ perceptions of use of tablet computers in PBL sessions. AMEE MEDEDPUBLISH
Elkhabbazi H, Belamaalem S, Sefiani H, Khadmaoui A, Mokhtari A, Soulayman A, Bencheikh RS. Adverse effects of systemic antibacterial: A prospective study. Biochemistry: an Indian Journal.
Jayakumar K, Lapin J, Kogan J. Medical students’ preferences regarding preclinical exam scheduling: Implications for improving student well-being. AMEE MEDEDPUBLISH
Dent J. The developing role of community-based medical education. AMEE MEDEDPUBLISH
Muthulagappan S, Wheeler I, Bruton R, Stewart P, Roberts L. Intercalation predicts improved academic performance across the medical undergraduate curriculum. AMEE MEDEDPUBLISH
Benefit of integrating computer assisted learning (CAL) with conventional teaching format in Pharmacology for a specific topic: A comparative study. Education for Health.
The Development, Functioning and Effectiveness of a Preoperative Risk Assessment Clinic. Health Services Insights.
Are medication orders in fictional medical-themed television shows accurate? A
retrospective, observational study. British Journal of Medicine and Medical Research.
Prescription behavior of doctors: a self-analysis by the medical community. Indian Journal of Pharmacology.
Sobel L, Shea C, Sommer B, Blau C, Brody C. Bridging the Gap: A Contraception Counseling Workshop for Healthcare Professionals. AMEE MEDEDPUBLISH
The Influence of the Academic Position on College Students Health Behaviors. Education for Health.
Existing MD pharmacology curriculum in India: What stakeholders say? Indian Journal of Pharmacology.
CLOVES syndrome: severe neonatal presentation. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research.
Motivating but not Labelling the Students: A Qualitative Study on the Preferences of Learning styles among Undergraduate Medical Students. Indian Journal of Pharmacology.
Yared belete Belay, Terefe teshome Kassa, Axumawit girmay Kassa, abrham G/Her Wolie and Merafe samuel Alemayehu. ASSESSMENT OF COUNSELING PRACTICE IN MEDICINE RETAIL OUTLETS IN MEKELLE CITY, NORTHERN ETHIOPIA. Journal of Environmental and Public Health.
Palace MR. Perioperative management of thyroid dysfunction. Health Services Insights.
Harden J, Kendall K, MacBride –Stewart S. Editorial: Teaching social and behavioral sciences in medical education. AMEE MedEdPublish.
Schrager S, Smith M. Writing skills in academic medicine. AMEE MedEdPublish.
Roberts T. Defining, delivering and measuring effective and excellent teaching AMEE MedEdPublish.
de Aguiar PRDC, Cazella SC, da Costa MR. What do we know about the teaching of religiosity/spirituality in medical undergraduate curricula? An integrative review. AMEE MedEdPublish.
Lio J, Doug H, Ye Y, Sherer R, Reddy S, McConville J. Standardized Residency Training in China: the New Internal Medicine Curriculum. Journal of Graduate Medical Education.
McLean M, Da Silva AL, Major S, McKimm J. “It’s a mind changing game!”: Health professional educators working abroad. AMEE MedEdPublish.
Cookson J. A 50-year odyssey in medical education. AMEE MedEdPublish.
Roberts T. Here’s looking at Euclid. AMEE MedEdPublish
Cheek C, Hays R, Allen P, Smith JD. Research knowledge and skills in primary medical training – a cross-sectional audit AMEE MedEdPublish
Patel L, Jaffe W. Twelve Tips for ‘Clinical Tweeting’ – Teaching and learning a concise way of presenting clinical information. AMEE MedEdPublish
Lerchenfeldt S, Nyland R. Learning Technique Utility and Preferences among Second-Year Medical Students: A Pilot Study of General and Pre-Exam Study Habits. AMEE MedEdPublish
Govindaraja C, Ramachandran G, Min AKK. The Ecology of Medical Professionalism: Perceived and Emulated, What matters? AMEE MedEdPublish
A study of antimicrobial use in children admitted to pediatric medicine ward of a tertiary care hospital. Indian Journal of Pharmacology.
International medical Students’ Awareness of Ethical Tensions in Interactions with the Pharmaceutical Industry: Results of an Educational Intervention. Teaching and Learning in Medicine.
Minimising Unethical Behaviour in Research and Publishing: An Author’s Perspective. Education Research Journal.
Mental Health Service Provision in Low and Middle Income Countries. Health Services Insights.
Efficacy of Sodium Valproate and Olanzapine in the treatment of bipolar affective disorder, mania, at a tertiary care hospital in Nepal: A Comparative Study. Janaki Medical College Journal of Medical Sciences.
Disease mongering – time to think, rethink and act. Education for Health
Use of GeneXpert for the diagnosis of multidrug resistant pulmonary tuberculosis among smear negative suspected tuberculosis cases in Nepal. Janaki Medical College Journal of Medical Sciences.
Population pharmacokinetics of amikacin in neonatal intensive care unit patients. Australasian Medical journal.
Extrapyramidal symptoms probably related to Risperidone treatment: a Case series. Annals of neurosciences.
Book review: Dental caries. Janaki Medical College Journal of medical Sciences.
Video lecture series:
Small group learning. Commissioned by IGI Global. May 2015. http://www.igi-global.com/video/small-group-learning-undergraduate-medical/135412
Significance of Medical Humanities in Contemporary Healthcare Practice and Education. Commissioned by IGI Global. August 2015. http://www.igi-global.com/gateway/video/137622?lid=143849
1) Teaching pharmacovigilance in ‘Pharmacoepidemiology and pharmacovigilance’.
2) ‘Writing a scientific paper’ in a book on Research published by www.promotingresearch.com
3) Shankar PR. (2011). Medical Humanities. In R Biswas. & CM Martin (Eds.), User-driven healthcare and narrative medicine: utilizing collaborative social networks and technologies. Hershey, PA: Medical Information Science Reference.
4) Bajracharya O, Shankar PR, Jha N. Cardiovascular toxicity of non-cardiovascular drugs. In Sundar M. Cardiovascular toxicology.
5) Shankar PR, Introducing medical humanities in south Asian medical schools In Art of Teaching medical students. Elsevier India.
Indian Journal of Pharmacology
American Journal of Infection Control
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research
BMC Medical Education
BMJ Medical Humanities
Journal of Medicine Use in developing Countries
Rural and remote health
Internet Journal of Pharmacology
Southern Medical Review
Annals of Saudi medicine
International Journal of Medical Education
Education for Health
The Clinical Teacher
Emerging Health Threats Journal
Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmacotherapeutics
Journal of Nepal Medical Association
BMC Health Services Research
Journal of Graduate Medical Education
International Journal of User-driven Healthcare
Health Services Insights
Journal of Educational Evaluation for the Health Professions.
Editorial Board member:
- Education in Medicine Journal
- Janaki Medical College Journal of Medical Sciences
- BMJ Medical Humanities
- Health Services Insights
- Journal of College of Medical Sciences Nepal
- WebMedCentral Plus Medical Education.
- ISRN Education.
- Research in Pharmacy and Health Sciences
- Asian Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Recent Resource person:
Recent faculty development workshops during the summer an Fall 2017 semesters at the American International Medical University, Saint Lucia
Faculty development workshops on writing learning objectives, creating a lesson plan and student assessment at Xavier University School of Medicine at Aruba during February-March 2013.
Presented a talk on ‘Ten commandments for effective scientific writing’ during the second XUSOM Research Day held on 18th October 2013 at Xavier University School of Medicine, Oranjestad, Aruba.
Facilitated a faculty development workshop on the educational theories underpinning modern medical education on 7th May 2015 at Xavier University School of Medicine, Oranjestad, Aruba.
Conducted a session for faculty on Institutional goals, competencies and accreditation standards on 30th January 2017 at XUSOM, Aruba.
Second SEARAME conference on social accountability from 6th to 8th September and PSG Institute of Medical Sciences and Research at Coimbatore, India from 6th to 8th September 2012.
International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR) 5th Asia-Pacific Conference held in Taipei, Taiwan on 2-4 September 2012.
International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR) 6th Asia-Pacific Conference held 6-9 September 2014 in Beijing, China.
National Conference on Health Professions Education (NCHPE 2014) hosted by MGIMS, Sevagram, India from 24th to 27th September 2014 .
International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR) 7th Asia-Pacific Conference held 3-6 September, 2016 at the Suntec Singapore Convention & Exhibition Center, Singapore
National Conference on Health Professions Education (NCHPE 2015) hosted by Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India from 18th to 21st November 2015 .
The Network toward Unity for Health World Summit on Social Accountability/Network: TUFH Annual Meeting 2017.
Life member of the Indian Pharmacological Society.
Editorial board member – BMJ Medical Humanities
Member Asian advisory board of the journal Rural and Remote Health
Member of Mountain Medicine Society of Nepal
Honorary Lecturer from 2012 to 2013
Discipline of Social & Administrative Pharmacy
Universiti Sains Malaysia
Honorary Professor (October 2014 to October 2016)
Discipline of Social & Administrative Pharmacy
Universiti Sains Malaysia
Honorary Professor (2016 to 2018)
Discipline of Social & Administrative Pharmacy
Universiti Sains Malaysia
Lead faculty, Medical Education for WebmedCentral, an open access journal platform published from the United Kingdom.
Member, Editorial Board, Education in Medicine Journal.
Member, Editorial Board, WebMedCentral Plus, Medical Education.
Contributing writer, Public Health Perspective Nepal Newsletter
Member, Extended Education Research Group. Association for Study of Medical Education.
Member, Editorial Board, Annals of Community Health.
Grant reviewer, PSG PRIME (Promoting Research in MEdicine) Intramural grant of PSG Institute of Medical Sciences Research 2015
Editorial Board member, Asian Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Member of the reviewer panel, MedEdPublish, the online journal of the Association for Medical Education in Europe.