Category Archives: Diseases & Management

Pneumonia : Causes, Symptoms and Management

Pneumonia is inflammation (swelling) of tissue in one or both lungs. It is a condition which primarily affects the air sacs of lungs called as alveoli. It is usually caused by infection with viruses or bacteria and less commonly other microorganisms, certain drugs. Pneumonia can range in seriousness from mild to life-threatening. It is most […]

Parkinson’s Disease : Diagnosis and Treatment

Parkinson’s disease is a progressive nervous system disorder that affects movement. Symptoms start gradually, sometimes starting with a barely noticeable tremor in just one hand. Tremors are common, but the disorder also commonly causes stiffness or slowing of movement. Parkinsonian syndromes can be divided into two types according to their origin: Primary or idiopathic, where […]

Occupational Asthma : Causes and Prevention

Asthma is a chronic lung disease characterized by reversible inflammation of the airways (bronchi). This inflammation, caused by the immune system, leads to narrowing of the airways, known as bronchoconstriction. Symptoms of asthma include shortness of breath, wheezing, cough, and chest tightness. Occupational asthma is a type of asthma that is caused by exposure to […]

Osteoporosis : Diagnosis and Management

Osteoporosis is a disease that makes bones weak and more likely to break. People with osteoporosis most often break bones in the hip, spine, and wrist. Osteoporosis is called the “silent disease” because bone is lost with no symptoms. You may not know you have osteoporosis until a strain, bump, or fall causes a bone […]

Oral Cancer : Diagnosis and Management

Oral cancer, a type of mouth cancer, where cancerous tissues grows in the oral cavity . Oral or mouth cancer most commonly involves the tongue. It may also occur on the floor of the mouth, cheek lining, gingiva (gums), lips or palate (roof of the mouth). Most oral cancers look very similar under the microscope […]

Neurotrophic Keratopathy : Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Management

Neurotrophic keratopathy (NK), Neurotrophic keratitis or Trigeminal neuropathic keratopathy is a rare degenerative corneal disease. It is characterised by lack of or decreased corneal sensation, corneal epithelial breakdown and impaired healing, resulting into increased susceptibility of the corneal surface to injury and compromised healing. In severe cases this can lead to stromal melting, corneal ulceration […]

Neonatal Conjunctivitis : Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Management

Neonatal conjunctivitis (Ophthalmia neonatorum) is defined as a conjunctival inflammation that occurs during first month of life after birth. Various causes have been implicated such as bacterial, viral including chemical conjunctivitis. Complications may be mild such as hyperaemia with scant conjunctival discharge to permanent scarring leading to even blindness. Neonatal conjunctivitis may be septic or […]

Neuralgia : Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Management

Neuralgia is pain in one or more nerves caused by a change in neurological structure or function of the nerves rather than by excitation of healthy pain receptors. Types of trigeminal neuralgia Trigeminal neuralgia can be divided into different categories depending on the type of pain. These are described below. Trigeminal neuralgia type 1 (TN1) […]