Diseases & Management

Atopic Keratoconjunctivitis : Diagnosis and Management

Atopic keratoconjunctivitis (AKC) is a relatively uncommon, but potentially blinding ocular (eye) disease, which typically affects young people with atopic dermatitis.  AKC is a severe chronic inflammatory disease of the conjunctiva which may have dramatic consequences for visual function. Atopic keratoconjunctivitis represents a disease under chronic allergic conjunctivitis (CAC), together with seasonal allergic conjunctivitis (SAC), […]

Adult Inclusion Conjunctivitis : Diagnosis, symptoms and management

Adult inclusion conjunctivitis or Paratrachoma results due to infection by obligate intracellular bacterium, Chlamydia trachomatis (serotypes D to K), which causes chronic follicular conjunctivitis (follicular conjunctivitis lasting for more than 16- 28 days). These organisms infect the epithelium of mucoid surfaces and were once identified as the trachoma-inclusion conjunctivitis agents (TRIC agents). These organisms can […]

Atherosclerosis : symptoms, complications and management

Arteries are blood vessels that carry oxygen-rich blood to   heart and other parts of your body. Atherosclerosis is a disease in which plaque builds up inside   arteries. Plaque is made up of fat, cholesterol, calcium, and other substances found in the blood. Over time, plaque hardens and narrows    arteries. This limits the flow of oxygen-rich blood […]

Appendicitis : Diagnosis , causes and management

The appendix is a small, tube like organ attached to the large intestine. Appendicitis is the swelling (inflammation) of the appendix The blockage leads to increased pressure and inflammation. Appendicitis can occur at any age but it is more common during childhood and adolescence. Symptoms The main symptom is pain in abdomen. It is dull initially […]

Anthrax : Symptoms, causes , diagnosis and management

Anthrax is an infectious zoonotic disease (could be transferred from animals to humans). It is primarily a disease of herbivorous animals particularly cattles sheep, goats, horses and mules. The disease naturally occurs among herbivorous animals through contaminated soil and feed; among omnivorous and carnivorous animals through contaminated meat, bone meals or other feeds; and among […]